How To Root Epiphyllum Cuttings in 100% Perlite
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Below will show you step by step with pictures how to prepare an Epiphyllum cutting to be rooted in 100% perlite.
Above shows items/tools needed; The cutting, 3 or 4" pot with good drain holes, scissors, permanate marker, #2 or #3 perlite, a tag or label.
Above shows marking the Epiphyllum cutting with the Epiphyllum's Hybrid name and marking the tag prior to planting/rooting. In this demonstration Epiphyllum Hybrid 'WRAYI' was used.
Above shows how to make a V cut.
Above shows the cutting cut at the bottom in a V shape, this will provide more surface area for roots to emerge from. NOTE: Normally you would want this Epiphyllum cutting after being cut on its end in a V shape to score or scab/dry over a few days or a week, but for demonstration purposes we are planting it imeadiately in the perlite.
Above shows the pot filled 1/2 way with perlite
Above show the Epiphyllum cutting placed in the 1/2 filled pot of perlite, the perlite is then added around the cutting and filled to the top. Press the perlite down slightly to steady the Epiphyllum cutting in an upright direction.
Above shows the cutting standing upright in the perlite. Now the Epiphyllum cutting can be misted lightly with water whenever dry every other day for a few weeks, or until roots emerge.
Rooting Epiphyllums in perlite works well for those who tend to overwater cuttings in soil mix, others may have high humidity climates so this maybe a better alternative to soil mix.
Rooting in Soil mix; You can also root Epiphyllums in soil mix just be carefull not to overwater until roots emerge. In perlite or soil mix you only want to mist the stem-(the cutting)not water the soil mix or perlite until roots emerge. Rooting Epiphyllums in perlite has an advantage of minimal chance of the Epiphyllum cutting ever rotting but perlite also has no nutrients as its inert so once rooted this Epiphyllum cutting will need to be transfered into soil mix in order for growth to emerge from the aerioles. Some Epiphyllum cuttings rooting in perlite can get growth too, but thats from the nutrients already stored in the cutting itself. Once rooted in perlite imeadiately transfer to soil mix to provide the Epiphyllum plant with food for faster growth. Most Epiphyllum cuttings rooted in perlite will root in 2 to 4 weeks on average in warm weather (summer), and 2 weeks up to 8 weeks on average in cooler weather (winter).
Some growers prefer to use Rooting Hormone to see how and what Rooting hormone is used for, please visit the Rooting Hormone page by clicking the link below.
With so many Epiphyllum varieties and more types of plants added every day heres an easy to use search box for your convienance to find Epiphyllum varieties on the Mattslandscape.com website